Have you ever wondered who thought of the idea of jigsaw puzzles? Actually, these were first created from paintings. A picture on a flat, rectangular piece of wood was cut into small pieces using a jigsaw. Thus the jigsaw puzzle got its name. The first commercial jigsaw was made around 1760 by John Spilsbury, a London cartographer and engraver. This first jigsaw was a map of the world.
HERE ARE A FEW PUZZLE FACTS
In the early 19th century, the recipients of puzzles were for the most part children of wealthy families. The puzzles were made with the idea of educational themes. Then, puzzles for adults appeared, and became very popular.
Toward the end of the century, treadle-operated jigsaws were invented. Also, wood became available in thin sheets, and printing improved considerably. These advances allowed puzzle-makers to add designs that were much more durable, as well as intricate and colorful.
During this period, Raphael Tuck, a German furniture dealer, developed techniques that set the stage for the next century of jigsaws. Cutting became more intricate. Puzzles now included “whimsies,” pieces cut into recognizable shapes. Puzzle-makers started using plywood or thick card stock for making puzzles.
Raphael Tuck’s ideas were adapted in America, and by 1908, puzzles became a full-blown craze. By 1929, Americans were buying two million jigsaws a week.
To meet this demand and to save costs, some manufacturers developed the technique of “stack cutting.” Up to eight puzzles could be stacked on top of each other and all cut at the same time.
In the 1920s, a technique for die cutting cardboard puzzles was developed by an American company. This reduced production costs to a fraction of the cost of hand cutting. Now, with the improved quality of printing, superb images are available at a reasonable price.
There is a Guinness World Record for the largest commercial jigsaw puzzle in the world, both in number of pieces and finished size. The puzzle, “Memorable Disney Moments,” contained 40,320 pieces and measured about 22 1/2 feet wide by 6 1/2 feet high, and weighed in at 43 pounds
HEALTH BENEFITS FOUND IN PUZZLES
Working on jigsaw puzzles or crosswords can provide many health benefits to the brain. The brain produces a chemical known as dopamine. This chemical is quite important because it is chiefly responsible for learning and memory. When the brain is engaged in solving puzzles, the production of this chemical increases.
Because working puzzles stimulates concentration and strengthens short-term memory, puzzles benefit us by helping reduce the risk of dementia.
THE JIGSAW CLASSROOM TECHNIQUE
In education, there is something called the jigsaw classroom technique. This is a method of organizing classroom activity in such a way as to make the students depend on each other to succeed. Classes are broken into groups and assignments are broken into pieces. When the group assembles these pieces, they complete the puzzle.
HINTS ON PUZZLE SOLVING
Here are some suggestions for puzzle completion. First, sort the pieces by color, using the picture on the box for a guide to color and shape groups. Find all the edge pieces and assemble. Then do the center, using your color-sorted groups.
When your frame of edge pieces is finished, leave the center of the frame free of pieces, putting in only completed sections. This makes your building job much easier.
Then take your pieces sorted by color, and see if some will combine to make small sections. Look for colors along the edge that match your color groups.
Consult the picture on the box often. Walk around the table to view the puzzle from a different angle. For extra assembling assistance, you can purchase a felt puzzle board that will keep your pieces safe and in place. When you are done working, you can roll the felt board up and store it.
Some people glue their puzzle pieces to a permanent surface and display them as art.
(Information for this article comes from Wikipedia and from jigthings.com
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